Narrative – William blake

William blake has been suggested several times throughout the lectures we have been shown and i  was instantly
he was born on the 28th of November 1757 and died  aged 69 on august 12  1827. I feel William Blake is a good choice as an example of narration because he is not only an artist and print maker but also a  poet.he is considered a romantic artist and was highly influenced by the american and french revolution.drawn to his colour choices, and character portrayal.

From as early as 4 years old, william blake had “visions”  and they continued throughout his career. and for the most  part his parents where largely supportive. William Blake was considered mad by many of his collegues, however they held him in high regards for his expressiveness and creativity.

there was no doubt that this poor man was mad, but there is something in the madness of this man hicj interests me more than the sanity of lord Byron and Walter Scott” – william wordsworth

his visions where often associated with christian imagery and consepts, he believed that angels walked among us and he was often heard saying that the archangels spoke to him directly in order for him to create his artistic work Blake was very much against the structure of religion however he used its patronage and imagery for his own work. and translated the symbolism in religon to fit his own schools of thought for example; for blake Jesus  symbolised the vital relationship and unity between divinity and humanity.

blake believed in devinity and used reilgon as an inspiration  however hewas mystified and interested in celtic- meganlithic britian and the druids. Blake created his own mythology, he talks about frequently in his prophetic books. he talks of a land he calls “albion”, a replica of the garden of eaden but brittish.  and characters based no the bible and greek mythology such as urizen, and luvah. Blake felt that most of his art was nothing more than the representation f what he saw or knew of the other world in which he had many encounters with.


Reading Images – Peter Howsen

Peter Howson was born in London in 1958 and spent much of his infancy in the bustling community of Isleworth. He arrived in Scotland at the age of 4 as a result of his father accepting a position of employment with Air Canada. The Howson family settled in Prestwick which was, at that time, nurturing a booming economy thanks in large part to the onset of commercial air travel.

Howson entered his first year at Glasgow School of Art in 1975, aged 17. In the best traditions of undiscovered genius, tutors at the Art School didn’t fully appreciate his strong, sometimes overbearing, figurative style. Howson failed his first end-of-year exams and although returning the following year, he became increasingly restless. On one notable occasion, after a life drawing model had failed to ‘show face’, Howson and his trusted friend, Donald MacLeod, went absent and in what was a remarkably short time, had managed to coax one another into signing up for the British Army.

Howson was growing repugnance for what he was doing and at one point he even tried to inflict harm on himself to prevent him from having to attend rifle practice. After such a gruelling experience, Howson swore never to fire another gun for as long as he lived. The almost grotesque form of overly-developed bodies was to become the focus of much of Howson’s most lauded work. Howson’s stated abhorrence of violent culture is reflected and often replicated in his later pieces and there seems to be an intrinsic link between the potent, and sometimes literal, violence of his paintings and their depiction of muscle-bound monsters.

Howson was a central figure in what was becoming known as the “Glasgow Boys” movement, a collection of like-minded and revolutionary painters which also included Ken Currie. Howson graduated in 1981 and had married in 1983, although this was fated to end within a year. With his work beginning to sell and gather increasing notice, Howson met his future representation, agents Angela and Matthew Flowers. They spotted his work at a 1985 exhibition, “New Image, Glasgow”, and were instantly taken aback by his obvious talent. Even in those early days a star-studded glitterati of Howson devotees and collectors were beginning to emerge, led by Madonna, David Bowie, and Bob Geldof.

the reason i Found howsen to be the most interesting choice for the  reading images lecture is because he is a painter of people and i adore his style. he Puts importants on portraying the themes of the ordinary over conventual composition and instead focuses on portraying what he sees using powerful and intense imagery. howsens imagery can be read in many ways but no matter how you choose to translate it you have a translation ether way.

mass production and reproduction – Caroline and rapid Prototyping

Click to View cut scene from coraline

Coraline is a stop motion animation created in 2009 by laika studios. and i feel is a prime example of where mass production is beneficial in some cases despite a general stigma within art towards the ability to mass produce a product.

Coraline was made by Laika studos in 2009. It was directed by Henry Selick and took 18 months to shoot after 2 years of pre-production planning and it costed $60,000,000 (estimated) to create, and it earned around  $75,280,058 in america by June 2009.

i think Coraline is relevant to mass production and reproduction because of the tecnieques used to create the puppets in the movie.  each and every part of the character  is made multiple times, each part has to be exactly the same and without flaws.

What i adore about this film is that almost every single Prop or costume has been hand made or produced by hand. for example, the sweaters that coraline wear among other knitted pieces of clothing where designed and created by a relatively unknown artist Althea Crome. It took her two weeks to knit each sweater and then things such as the glow in the dark stars on the jumpers where applied by the puppet makers so that each sweater was identical. (more than one person works on a scene at a time therefore meaning that duplicates where needed).

this is where the invention of detailed rapid prototyping comes in.  Rapid prototyping is a pass production tool that used a group of tecnieques that quickly and efficiently fabricate a scale model of a physical part or assembly. using 3d – computer aided design (CAD) data to build an image and then the design is created.

Although most artists may argue that being able to reproduce the same thing over again is detrimental; i feel that in the case of this film it was a positive use of technology that is used to create a beautiful piece of art.

Magician and surgeon compare to painter and cameraman.     –      Walter Benjamin, ‘The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction,’ 1937

and this is why i disagree with the quote by Walter Benjamin. I don’t think that a digital piece of art is like being a surgeon. through the use of technology and mass production the camera man becomes a magician, and gives live to a little collection of inanimate parts.

Project umbreakable

project umbreakable is a tumblr campain and i found it very intereseting to look through. it is a collection of photographs of victems of sexual abuse and assult, holding quotes from there attackers. i found this to be extreamly effective because alot of the quotes you expect to be disgusting and crude however you found that alot of the time they where actually quite loveing endeering in a different situation but its actually quite disturbing, things like “i love you” and “you know i wouldnt hurt you”.

it is based on an artist called Gillian wearing’s work (conceptual artist); she is potentally the first person to showcase this idea to the public. in her collection of films and photographs Birmingham, 1963. they are now featured in the tate gallery. she wanted to showcase”signs that say what you wanted them to say, not what someone else wants you to say”.

wearing was one of the YBAs (young brittish artists) a  late 1980s artistic movement, that captivated the youth and revolt attetude at the time.  they where a group of artist of wich many graduated with a BA Fine Art course at goldsmiths, they are know for their “shock tactics”, use of throw away materials, wild-living, and an attitude.

she was a winner of the annual British fine arts award and a Turner Prize, in 1997.

project unbreakable  was created by a woman calld claire brown in october 2011 and was only supposed to have been a short project. however after photographing 200 people she have began recieveing thousands of sumissions from outside sources. what  i loved about the site is that although the biggest persentage of victems where women, they didnt forget the pain that it can cause to a man to be the victem too.

Animation summer project – Hayo Miyazaki-

Date of birth: 5th of January 1941  Born in: tokyo japan

despite his artistic career, miyazaki did not in fact study the arts; he has a degree in political sciences and economics. he started working as an animator for Toei douga in 1963. he was respected for his exceptional drawing skills and seemingly endless pool of quality ideas and plots, he became involved in many early Japanese animation. due to his degree and clear interests m nature and ecology he often refers to this in his work stylistically and  also through issues he explores in the stories; how humanity effects the environment  pollution ect, a massive example of this is “naussica of the vally of the wind”.

miyazki’s career boomed, in 1971 he began working got pro studios with isao takahata and then in 1973 he got his big break at Nippon animation studios where he became a household name in tv animation. his first directing role was for the series “future boy Coran”(1978)  he worked here for the  next 5 years. in 1979 miyazaki joined Tokyo movie shinsha and got to direct his first feature length animated film “the castle of cagliostro” in 1979.

Studio Ghibli -(sutajio Jiburi)

with the creation of studio ghibli, mikazaki and his friends takahata and Toshi suzuki had fun creating many critically acclaimed movies. Perhaps the most famous being the 1997 picture “princess mononoke”.

Princess mononoke won the Japanese equivalent, to an academy award for best film and was the highest grossing domestic grossing Japanese film in there history at the time of its release (150 million uk dollars). he is often referred to as the “walt disney of japan”  but he hates this! and he is good friends with pixars john lassitter.

what i love about miyazaki’s process to his ideas is that he bases all his characters are based on real people, especially people he knows or have been in contact with- for example chihiro is based on the daughter of one of his friends, not only looks but personality as well.

he is also an anglophile which you can see in his collective work: this is someone with an obsession with  British culture which features regularly in his work or  based on a British book, for example howls moving castle.

There was a time where Studio ghibli’s fantastic adventures where not available for american and British audiences. This was due to the disrespectful way in which the film “nausicaa of the valley of the wind” dubbed and distributed in English  it was roughly cut 20/30 minutes at a time, the films themes where diluted down and characters names where changed. This broke miyazki’s heart and he refused to sell the distribution rights to those who wouldn’t agree to follow the strictest of rules on translation and they are forbidden to remove any scenes. Eventually walt disney studios agreed to these terms and conditions and began steadily releving his films since.

A large portion of miyazaki’s movies are based on other peoples work however he has a unieque ability to transform these stories and make them his own beautiful renditions. He has an ability to portray heavy hitting messages in a beautiful and entertaining way. as well as the ability to show a fun and free adventure or children that is appropriate but in some way is still as  entertaining for us older ones. his work covers every generation and is timeless.

Gender issues Lecture – Wonder woman – the first female superhero

After the gender roles lecture I came away feeling very wary of the prospect of writing a blog post on feminism and gender roles.

I am actually of the opinions that men and woman are NOT the same,  even within our radically changing culture the fact is that biologically speaking, our sexes are different. Of course I must call myself a feminist because I do believe in woman’s rights but no more so that men’s rights.

After going back to the lecture notes I began to understand a little bit better what the teacher was trying to tell us about. We are different biologically but we are the same in the way that we think about ourselves, free independent human beings. And this is the difference between sex and gender.

The gender, for the most part is how we have been nurtured by society to act.  In the past Men where (and to some extent still are) expected to be strong and dominant charicters, because biologically speaking they are generally stronger than women. Where as women are the mothers and wives, it is our role to care for our families, this role tends to be more passive.

I am a fanatical comic book reader and I couldn’t help but notice that within comic before the 1940’s (ww II) these roles where dramatize. Men where the strong, heroic, masculine characters with superpowers making them dominant where as women if they ever actually appeared In a comic they tended to take the passive roles of, secretary, love interest, damsel.

For a woman to have an important role in a story before the 1940’s, it was rarely due to a strong character. She was a technique to drive the male hero to be a better person.

The term “woman in refrigerator” was created by Gail Simone for a website name. it refers to an incident in green lantern issue  54 (1994).

Like many comics before it the male protagonist’s (Kyle Raynor) partner is cruelly killed by the villan and left in the refrigerator for him to find. There by driving him to be a better hero.

The actual character wasn’t important, it was the action of killing her that gave her presence in the story importance.

There was however a break through in 1941 with the creation of wonder woman. She was created during WWII, when women where being encouraged to join in with the men’s work and the poster girl “rosie the riveter” was created.

Inevitably she became a feminist character, a further role model for women;

However there where still very few women reading comic books at this time, it was a male dominated field of interest. This meant that in the beginning wonder woman was a scophophilia. A beautiful, (if not a little butch) sex object for teenage boys in comics.

The artist and creator of wonder woman, William Marston had been educated in harvard university and had a PHD in phycology. Marston was a key role into the invention of the lie detector through his work on blood pressure. he was a married man and held his wife in the highest regard.

from his work he deducted that women where more honest and reliable than men, furthermore he proved women to be faster and more acurate workers than men.

on 1928 he published a essay called “emotions of normal people”, he was of the opinion that people would act in 2 different ways, depending on wether the situation was a positive one or a negative one for them or a positive or dangerous – they will ether be passive or active; he argued that male notions of freedom where violent and troublesom, where as wo9mans notions of freedom where based on love alure, and submission to loveing authority.

Marston’s design of wonderwoman was the combination of the above traits, her lasso of truth was based on his theory that women where the more truethful of the sexes, and her ability to be captured through her lasso, wich is her weekness is based on his personal involvment with bondage erotica comic.

This could be seen as detremental to the womans causes at this time and perhaps it was, but many women in this day and age, that are interested in this fetish can argue intelegently that bondage (purely the dominace and tieing up – not the physical pain)  is actually a loveing act by there partners, there is the highest lever of trust and support needed in bondage and really the submissive is in complete control of the situation, more so than the male,they have the power of when it end and when they articulate correctly for the end it ends.

our culture in the western world has evolved so much in the past 70 year that we are more accepting of freedom of speach, womans rights and sexuality in  all forms. and i feel comics are a reflection of that not only have female charicters evolved in the industry but so too have male superheros and the steryotype of male, straight, white, butch superheros has been blown out of the water. There are many gay charicters being created within DC’s “new 52”  includeing bunker a slightly flamboyant but bad ass teen titan, and green lantern; he was oridunally a straight charicter hoewever in the “alternate universe” of Earth 2 he is infact a gay man in a very serious relationship.

comic books are no longer a male dominated field of interest wich means that girls and women everywhere have adopted wonderwoman and created a beautiful and poweful rolemodel the same what boys adopt say superman. she is no longer an object for teenage boys admeration and has paved the way for many new, intelegent, beautiful and talented dominant female figures within comic books. they equal on volume to male figures and manny take a stronger post in some comics that the males.

“fallen art”

Release date: 2004 (initial release)
Director: Tomasz Bagiński
Running time: 6 minutes
Screenplay: Tomasz Bagiński
Awards: BAFTA Award for Best Short Animated Film
Genres: Short Film, Animation

so i saw this animation through my uni, as have most of you probable reading this and i find it hilarious!

its not my usual style i like art-wise but its so clever i had to include it in this blog.

it is a short story about the death of stop motion animation to the smoothness of 3d animation.

enjoy 🙂